What should I look for in roof shingles?

shingle roofing with a skylight

Are there different grades of asphalt shingles?

From ceramic tiles to metal, there are many roof materials on the market today. A homeowner could get confused in choosing the one that is right for their home, and their budget. No matter what new roofing material that hits the market today, asphalt shingles are still the main go-to.

Asphalt shingles are made of are not 100% asphalt. More accurately, asphalt shingles use a base of either a felt paper or fiberglass base coat and have a waterproof layer of asphalt, finished with a topping of ceramic granules. Asphalt shingles hit the house construction scene in the 1980s, and gained immense popularity quickly, and are still popular today. 

Asphalt shingles come in three grades, typically referred to by contractors and roofing manufacturers as to good, better, and best. Asphalt shingles’ benefits vary between each grade, with each grade having better and more benefits. All three grades have one thing in common: they are versatile. Where other roofing materials can be complicated, asphalt shingles are different, and the more you know about them, the easier they are to understand and choose the right one for your home. 

Asphalt shingles have a tiered system starting with lower-priced, mid-range, and high-end. The cost increases as you move up the tier, as does the durability and warranty. Let’s look a bit at the different tiers and their benefits (or lack of benefits): 

  • The lower tier is also referred to as 3-tab asphalt shingles, the simplest of all asphalt shingles and is the lower-priced grade. These have been standard go-to asphalt shingles since the 1980s. They are very flat, not as thick as the others and come with the shortest warranty period, and they are the least expensive of the asphalt shingles.
  • The better asphalt shingles are the mid-range priced and the best category asphalt shingle is the high-end priced. We know these two as architectural shingles or dimensional shingles. Both are thicker and heavier, with the luxury/premium products being as thick as three layers of standard asphalt shingles.
  • These two categories of shingle are available in more shapes and with the thicker layers, their texture is more visual, comes with a longer warranty.

How long do asphalt shingles last?

There are several influences that can affect the lifespan of asphalt shingles, starting with which asphalt shingles you choose. Other influences are the climate, weather, and how the homeowner is with maintenance and upkeep. Some reports put a 20-year life on them, and others give them 30 years. The average runs between 15 years and 25 years, but let us look at the lifespan for the different grades:

  • The 3-tab asphalt shingles, basic and least expensive grade, used on the slopped roof have a typical lifespan between 10 years to 20 years. For roofs in storm-prone areas, this shingle is not recommended. They can take winds up to 70 mph and when exposed to a lot of direct sun or quick weather changes, they tend to break and crack.
  • Architectural Asphalt Shingles or Dimensional Asphalt Shingles are thicker, making them more durable and have a longer lifespan between 15 years to 25 years, depending on the climate, environment and homeowner’s care and maintenance of the roof. They typically have a wind resistance up to 110 MPH, but with a special installation and roof bracing, they can withstand winds of 130 MPH.
  • Premium Asphalt Shingles are the top-of-the-line, fancier asphalt shingles found on high-end premium homes. These are thicker asphalt shingles and has a lifespan up to 30 years, depending on the factors of climate, environment, and homeowner’s care and maintenance. They typically handle the same wind speed of the architectural and dimensional asphalt shingles. We can upgrade these to have a cool roof rating, more impact resistance, and UV ray resistance.

Will black shingles make the house hotter?

The controversy of light color vs dark color asphalt shingles is one that may never be 100% settled. It can depend on where you live whether the light color would be better for you home or if the dark colors make more sense. The answer would be no. Your house will not be hotter in the summer with dark asphalt shingles. Allow us to explain this answer:

The temperature in an attic will differentiate as much as 10 degrees between black asphalt shingles and white asphalt shingles. When you compare browns, greys, and tans, your attic may have up to a 3-degree difference than the black asphalt shingles. These are attic temperatures, not the interior of your home.

While the color of the asphalt shingles may influence the attic temperature, what really affects the temperature in your home is will be the grade of asphalt shingles you choose, the amount and quality of attic insulation, and the ventilation in your attic.

What color roof is most energy-efficient?

The light-colored asphalt shingles will absorb less heat in the summer, resulting in less strain on the air conditioner, lower energy bills. Yes, the dark color asphalt shingles will increase the temperature in homes with high ceilings and the air conditioner will work harder to keep your home cool, which will increase your energy bills.

The opposite of all this is true in the winter, with dark color asphalt shingles absorbing more heat from the UV rays, which is a plus for homes in the north where winters are long, and summers are short. How about snow though?

Does the snow melt faster on dark asphalt shingles than it does on light color asphalt roofs? Not that much. The sun does most of that work and in the further north you go, the less sunlight houses have during the winter, thus, the longer the snow stays on the roof.

grey shingle roof with windows

How do you clean asphalt shingles?

Depending on the size of your house, and we’re talking about the height and the square footage, you may be better off calling a professional roof clean expert. They have the experience and the equipment to climb the various heights, pulling that equipment up ladders and walking along asphalt shingles rooftops safely.

However, if you are a DIY homeowner, algae and moss can be cleaned from asphalt shingles with a mixture of household bleach and water of 50/50. Apply the mixture with a sprayer and let it sit at least 15 minutes, 20 minutes if the algae and moss are thick. Then simply rinse with clear water with low-pressure water hose.

Asphalt shingles on flat roof structure should be replaced with rolled asphalt roofing due to possible water intrusion. Hire a contractor that has experience in flat roofs to install rolled asphalt roofing and rolled asphalt roofing on a warm day. The warmer the temperature, the easier it is to install.

No matter which grade of asphalt shingles you choose for your home, the quality of the shingles will only be as good as the installation by the contractor. Get several written quotes and compare the details of each quote with the type of asphalt shingles, the price, the warranty offered by the manufacturer and by the contractor. Make sure they are certified, insured, and licensed and check their most recent reference. Call (940) 441-4544 today for the asphalt shingles you need for your home in Justin & Fort Worth, TX.

What Does Roof Damage From Hail Look Like?

Hail damage roof

What Does Roof Damage from Hail Look Like?

Hail damage roof repair can greatly help your home in the wake of a hail storm. The three major signs of hail damage are bruising, cracking, and missing granules. A qualified roofing contractor has the skills and ability to ascend your roof and determine what kind of storm damage has occurred. In order to make sure that your roof can withstand future hail storms, it will be important to address all signs and symptoms of disrepair. With the help of an insured roofing contractor, your roof can receive the treatment it needs to regain roofing integrity.

How Much Does Insurance Pay for Hail Damage On Roof?

If a qualified roofing contractor has assessed the condition of your roof and given you an estimate for the damage, your next step is to contact the insurance company. It is not uncommon for insurance companies to counter a roofing company estimate with a much lower offer. It is important to get a public adjuster if this occurs. For example, if a roofing company has an estimate for $30,000 worth of repairs, it’s common for an insurance provider to counter with offering $10,000. A public adjuster can provide an independent opinion, and also advocate on your behalf to the insurance company.

What Size Hail Will Damage a Roof?

While it is known that hail can damage a roof, it’s important to understand the different kinds of hail that can be present during a hail storm. Please review the following list of hail sizes to learn more.

  • Pea-sized hail. This hail is ¼  inch in diameter.
  • Mothball-sized hail. This hail is ½ inch in diameter.
  • Penny-sized hail. This hail is ¾ inch in diameter.
  • Nickel-sized hail. This hail is ⅞ inch in diameter.
  • Quarter-sized hail. This hail is one inch in diameter. This size hail is considered severe and can cause large amounts of damage. 

What Do You Do If You Have Hail Damage On Your Roof?

If you believe that you do have hail damage on your roof, it is important for you to first locate an insured, professional roofing company. These experts will be able to accurately diagnose whether or not the damage on your roof is due to hail or due to wear and tear. It is also important to note that a qualified and insured roofer will be able to discuss whether you have enough damage to merit an insurance claim. In all interactions, it is important to request evidence of storm damage and request a course of action moving forward.

Should I Replace My Roof After Hail?

If there are roof leaks as a result of hail damage, the answer is yes. That is because roof leaks are very detrimental to roofs. Leaks create an enormous amount of water damage and must be addressed as soon as possible. One of the only times that a roof repair is classified as an emergency is when roof leaks are involved. If there isn’t a roof leak, then the roof repair is not categorized as an emergency. 

Will Hail Damage a Metal Roof

Hail can break, split, and cause tear-off damage to many different kinds of roofing materials. This results in many kinds of repair or replacement costs. Unlike asphalt shingles, metal roofs are quite durable. Metal roofs are highly resistant to hail, wind, and rain damage. Like clay and concrete tile roofs, metal roofs have a long roof life, only needing to be replaced once a lifetime.

Can Hail Damage a New Roof

When a hail storm rolls through the neighborhood, the hail can damage your home’s exterior. This includes your siding and the roof. Hail can also damage your personal property, including your gutters, your patio furniture, and more.

Can Hail Damage Roof Tiles

As mentioned previously, roof tiles are very strong, and resistant to impact, even from large hailstones. While it is unlikely, studies conducted by the roofing industry have shown that some roof tiles can be damaged by hailstones. To be specific, roof tiles can be damaged by hailstones as small at one and a quarter-inch in diameter. 

hail damage roof

Hail Damage to Roof Decking

If your roof has been damaged as a result of hailstones, there may be damage to your roof decking. The best way to make sure that your roof decking is intact is to contact a local, reputable roofing company. Your home’s integrity is important. That’s why it’s important to always select a roofing company that has your best interests at heart. If you believe that you have significant hail damage, please be sure to call for a roof inspection sooner rather than later.

Would you like to schedule an appointment for your hail damage? Our friendly operators at J Riley Roofing are available now at (940) 441-4544. Discover more about what we can do for your hail damage roof in Justin & Fort Worth, TX today!

How Do You Temporarily Fix a Leaky Roof?

leaking roof

Fixing Leaks Temporarily

With all the things you have going on in your life, now… you also have a leaky roof! That’s right, leaky roofs happen when you least expect them and usually during the most inconvenient times for you and your bank account. When a leak appears in your roof, you run out to find the best fixes you can. But sometimes, all you can do is have a temporary fix until you find the best residential roofing company to come to the rescue.

Is a Leaky Roof an Emergency?

While you were gracefully listening to the rain outside and drinking a warm cup of coffee you start hearing dripping sounds – a leak. Not only that, those single drops of water start slowly but surely to turn into what seems like a waterfall inside your house! So, is a leaky roof an emergency? Yes. A leaking roof is always an emergency because it means you are now unprotected from the elements and you need to find a solution right away. A small leak can turn into a disaster in a matter of hours.

Can a Leaking Ceiling Collapse?

It sure can. If enough of the leaking roof gets wet, this extra weight becomes too heavy for the structure to support it and ends up collapsing. This isn’t the most common situation, but it can happen if the leaks aren’t fixed right away and if the rain keeps coming through. Sometimes, ceilings collapse even before roofers can get to the location due to the water’s weight. 

What Happens with a Leak Emergency?

What to do during a leaking roof emergency? First, you call a trustworthy contractor as soon as possible, such as J Riley Roofing.

While you wait for the roofers to get to your home, put safety first and follow these tips:

  1. Turn off the electricity supply for safety.
  2. Stop the water from spreading all over your home. This means use buckets, towels, and everything you have on hand to stop the water from damaging the rest of your home.
  3. Remove the rainwater as best as you can by either throwing it outdoors or absorbing it with other materials.
  4. Get in touch with your insurance company to report the mishap.
  5. Get your roof fixed ASAP.

Does Insurance Cover Roof Leaks?

Your insurance may cover roof damage depending on what was the cause of the damage. In most cases, insurance companies will help cover the costs due to storm damage like fallen trees or hail. However, keep in mind that insurance companies will not cover damage from wear and tear or lack of maintenance. They will help pay for accidental and sudden damage instead. What this means is that if your roof’s age or maintenance issues are the cause for leaks in your roof, your insurance will likely not cover the repair or the damages. Always conduct regular inspections on your roof!

How Do You Find a Leak in your Roof?

With recent events of rainfall and hail, you may not be too sure if there’s a leak in your roof, especially if it’s not showing still. The best way to spot a leak is to go up to the attic on a rainy day. Bring a flashlight along since water will reflect the light. Mark the area once you locate the leak. On a nicer day, go up to your roof with some help and pinpoint the location on the exterior side of the roof and have it fixed.

hand over miniature roof model covering it from falling water

How to Handle a Roof Emergency

What exactly qualifies as an emergency roof situation? When the roofing system is so compromised water, hail, or wind infiltration start to happen uncontrollably. When this happens, make sure you call a roofing company right away and install a protective cover to avoid further structural and interior damage.

What happens after you call an emergency roof repair company? If the storm is still wreaking havoc, we will wait until the storm settled down and head to your location as quickly as possible. Safety is the number one priority for everyone. When the wind is high, the rain is heavy, and there is electrical activity, there is not much we can do but wait. Once we get to the location, we will inspect the roof and provide the best solutions.

Bonus: Will a Leaky Roof Cause Mold?

Yes. Roof leaks will cause mold growth of two types: limited growth or systemic.

Bonus: How to Emergency Roof Repair

The best way to repair your roof, or get an “emergency roof fix” after a fire, hail storm, high winds, or any natural disaster is by getting in contact with reliable roofers in the area and acting fast.

The Bottomline

If you are going through an overwhelming emergency roof situation- don’t hesitate to call the experts and call the fast. Your home’s structure and your family could potentially be in danger.

If you’d like assistance with a leaking roof in Justin & Fort Worth, TX call (940) 441-4544 with J Riley Roofing!